DEVELOPMENT OF INEXPENSIVE VEHICLE SENSOR NODE SYSTEM FOR VOLUME, TURN MOVEMENT AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE (FHWA-OK-16-06 2252)
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Real-time traffic surveillance is essential in today’s intelligent transportation systems and will surely play a vital role in tomorrow’s smart cities. The work detailed in this paper reports on the development and implementation of a novel smart wireless sensor for traffic monitoring. Reliable and computationally efficient algorithms for vehicle detection, speed and length estimation, classification, and time-synchronization were fully developed, integrated, and evaluated. Comprehensive system evaluation and extensive data analysis were performed to tune and validate the system for a reliable and robust operation. Several field studies conducted on highway and urban roads for different scenarios and under various traffic conditions resulted in 99.98% detection accuracy, 97.11% speed estimation accuracy, and 97% length-based vehicle classification accuracy. The developed system is portable, reliable, and cost-effective. The system can also be used for short-term or long-term installment on surface of highway, roadway, and roadside. Implementation cost of a single node including enclosure is US $40.