Design and Development of Variable Pitch Quadcopter for Long Endurance Flight
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The variable pitch quadrotor is not a new concept but has been largely ignored in small unmanned aircraft, unlike the fixed pitch quadcopter which is controlled only by changing the RPM of the motors and only has about 30 minutes of total flight time. The variable pitch quadrotor can be controlled either by the change of the motor RPM or rotor blade pitch angle or by the combination of both. This gives the variable pitch quadrotor potential advantages in payload, maneuverability and long endurance flight. This research is focused on the design methodology for a variable pitch quadrotor using a single motor with potential applications for a long endurance flight. This variable pitch quadcopter uses a single power plant to power all four rotors through a power transmission system. All four rotors have the same rpm but vary the blade pitch angle to control its attitude in the air. A proof of concept variable pitch quadcopter is developed for testing the drivetrain mechanism on the vehicle and evaluating performance of the vehicle through numbers of testing.
- OSU Theses