"No Longer Objects Of History": American Indian Activism in the Late Twentieth Century
Eberle, Jared Leon
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Native American activism after the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973 has been an understudied, yet critical period of twentieth century Indigenous history. The events in the two decades that followed the alleged zenith of the Red Power movement saw a significant shift by activists towards international activism that would allow them to work around the United States government and bring attention to issues concerning American Indians in the United States. Through the development of the International Indian Treaty Council, Native activists secured some of their greatest successes in the twentieth century and placed indigenous politics as an important part of international discourse. Yet, the movement never managed to sufficiently define itself, and by the 1980s that failure divided the movement over the conflict between the Sandinista government and Miskitu Indians in Nicaragua. The divide of the 1980s was never rectified, and the movement drastically declined in the 1990s with in-fighting and conflict over who had the legitimate ability to claim they represented the old Native rights organizations.
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