Content Sensitivity Based Access Control Model for Big Data
Thandapani Kumarasamy, Ashwin Kumar
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Big data technologies have seen tremendous growth in recent years. They are being widely used in both industry and academia. In spite of such exponential growth, these technologies lack adequate measures to protect the data from misuse or abuse. Corporations that collect data from multiple sources are at risk of liabilities due to exposure of sensitive information. In the current implementation of Hadoop, only file level access control is feasible. Providing users, the ability to access data based on attributes in a dataset or based on their role is complicated due to the sheer volume and multiple formats (structured, unstructured and semi-structured) of data. In this dissertation an access control framework, which enforces access control policies dynamically based on the sensitivity of the data is proposed. This framework enforces access control policies by harnessing the data context, usage patterns and information sensitivity. Information sensitivity changes over time with the addition and removal of datasets, which can lead to modifications in the access control decisions and the proposed framework accommodates these changes. The proposed framework is automated to a large extent and requires minimal user intervention. The experimental results show that the proposed framework is capable of enforcing access control policies on non-multimedia datasets with minimal overhead.
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