Relationship of Stress Exposure to Parent-adolescent Relationship Quality in Latino Immigrant Parents in a New Settlement Area
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This study explores the links between parent stress (ecological disadvantage) and selected health indicators (including health-related quality of life and sleep quality) while examining the effects of those variables on the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship. There is scant previous research on this, particularly in regards to Latino immigrants settling in non-traditional geographic locations. Data was collected from a population of newly settled immigrants in a Midwestern city. Instruments used include the Mental and Physical Wellbeing: Health Status Short Form (SF-12), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Parent-Child Openness Scale to measure the quality of parent-adolescent relationship. Finally, a latent stress variable was constructed for this study using family socioeconomic indicators (parent income, parent education level, number of jobs, shift work, and food security) to create an ecological disadvantage variable. The purpose of the study was to explore the direct and indirect links between family ecological disadvantage and parent-adolescent relationship quality. Results demonstrated no direct link between family ecological disadvantage and parent-adolescent relationship quality. Similarly, no evidence was found to support indirect links via sleep quality and health-related quality of life. One distinct pathway was found between family ecological disadvantage and physical health related quality of life. Implications for research and practice within the field of counseling psychology are discussed.
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